This book appears in the series Oxfam Focus on gender. It is composed of nine articles on agriculture, land rights and gender relations in countries in Africa, Asia and South America. The articles assert that women’s contribution to global agricultural production for food and for profit continues to be largely unacknowledged and undervalued, and that their ability to farm is constrained, because the resources they need are often controlled by others. Independent land rights, which enable women to decide on the use of land and keep the proceeds from such use, are still a dream for women in many countries, despite their increasingly central role in agriculture. Two articles shed light on methodological issues for development policy-makers and practitioners. Some tools have been developed to assist the process of integrating gender issues into planning and implementation.